AA Family at dinner table

Learning how to eat right is an important part of controlling your diabetes. This section will provide tips on healthy eating, weight control, recipes and special diets. Remember, eating healthy is not just for people with diabetes.

What healthy food choices should I make?

Eat smaller portions. Learn what a serving size is for different foods and how many servings you need in a meal.
Eat less fat. Choose fewer high-fat foods and use less fat for cooking. You especially want to limit foods that are high in saturated fats or trans fat, such as:

  • Fatty cuts of meat
  • Fried Foods
  • Whole milk and dairy products made from whole milk
  • Cakes, candy, cookies, crackers, and pies
  • Salad dressings
  • Lard, shortening, stick margarine, and nondairy creamers

What should I eat more of?

Eat more fiber by eating more whole-grain foods. Whole grains can be found in:

  • Breakfast cereals made with 100% whole grains.
  • Oatmeal
  • Whole grain rice
  • Whole-wheat bread, bagels, pita bread, and tortillas

Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables every day. Choose fresh, frozen, canned, or dried fruit and 100% fruit juices most of the time. Eat plenty of veggies like these:

  • Dark green veggies (e.g., broccoli, spinach, brussels sprouts).
  • Orange veggies (e.g., carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, winter squash).
  • Beans and peas (e.g., black beans, garbanzo beans, kidney beans, pinto beans, split peas, lentils).

What should I eat less of?

Eat fewer foods that are high in sugar, such as:

  • Fruit-flavored drinks
  • Sodas
  • Tea or coffee sweetened with sugar

Use less salt in cooking and at the table. Eat fewer foods that are high in salt, such as:

  • Canned and package soups
  • Canned vegetables
  • Pickles
  • Processed meats

Where can I learn about making a diabetes meal plan?

  • Contact a registered dietitian to make a meal plan just for you.
  • Visit the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, formerly the American Dietetic Association Web site to find a nutrition professional that can help you develop a healthy meal plan (
  • Visit the American Association of Diabetes Educators to find a diabetes educator (
  • Visit the American Diabetes Association Web site for more information on carbohydrate counting and the exchange method (

Are there recipes available for people with diabetes or prediabetes?

From the National Diabetes Education Program

From the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse

From MedlinePlus

What are some healthy eating options for people who don’t have diabetes?

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

From the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Department of Agriculture (USDA)

From the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

From the Food and Nutrition Information Center of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

From MedlinePlus

From Healthfinder®—Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

From the Produce for Better Health Foundation

From the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, formerly the American Dietetic Association


Source: Center for Disease Control and Prevention